The Philippine government deployed 56% of its soldiers in Mindanao to protect large-scale business interests. Government also unleashed more than 20 indigenous paramilitary groups (the Alamara, Magahat, Bagani Force, to name a few) to sow division and terror among Lumad communities. In total, 144 indigenous, environmental and human rights activists have been victims of extra-judicial killings in the last five years. This includes the killing of school director Emerito Samarca and Lumad leaders Dionel Campos and Bello Sinzo, brutally murdered by members of the Bagani Force and the Philippine Army in North-eastern Mindanao. Due to increased militarization, more than 40,000 Lumad have been displaced from their ancestral homes.